Emergency Medical Services were provided by a wide range of commercial and municipal operators, some functioning from funeral homes, others partially subsidized by municipalities, some based with volunteer fire departments and others existing on paid subscriptions from the public. This diversity in providers resulted in great variations in response times, a lack of control over staffing levels or staff qualifications, inconsistencies in service delivery and differences in the quality of ambulances and equipment. Staff training and patient care standards were also virtually non-existent.
First Aid is the temporary help given to an injured or a sick person before professional medical treatment can be provided. This timely assistance, comprising of simple medical techniques, is most critical to the victims and is, often, life saving.
Any layperson can be trained to administer first aid, which can be carried out using minimal equipments. Basic training in first aid skills should be taught in school, in work places and, in general, be learnt by all, as it is mandatory to our modern and stressful life. First aid is the initial care of the injured or sick. It is the care administered by a concerned person as soon as possible after an accident or illness. It is this prompt care and attention that sometimes means the difference between life and death, or between a full or partial recovery.
First aid is helping, first aid is making that call, reassuring the victims, putting a plaster on a small wound, controlling bleeding in a large wounds or providing CPR for a collapsed person who is not breathing and heart has stopped beating.